Tuesday, June 26, 2007

一微塵裡鬥英雄:論大學「名次」的虛幻 (六.附錄)


(一) 關於阿瑪特.星的"An 'Annie Hall' Moment"

原文為2005年2月21日華盛頓郵報的An 'Annie Hall' Moment:A Nobel Prize-winning economist spouts off, and a Chinese survivor sets him straight:

In the Woody Allen movie "Annie Hall," a character is sounding off about the Canadian media theorist Marshall MacLuhan when the subject himself appears and says: "Excuse me, I'm Marshall MacLuhan. You know nothing of my work." Woody Allen then turns to the audience and asks, "don't you wish life were like that?"

In Hong Kong last week it was Nobel Prize economist Amartya Sen doing the sounding off, praising the state medical system in China under the Cultural Revolution. Mr. Sen asserted that Maoist China had actually made great strides in medicine, bringing down child mortality rates and prolonging life expectancy. Moving to a privatized system was making the system less fair and efficient, said the Nobel laureate, who's behind many U.N. economic works, such as the much-heralded "Human Development Index."
To back up his remarkable claim, Mr. Sen said that the rate of growth in life expectancy in China was slowing down. Or at least it was doing so compared to India, which is catching up with China in life expectancy. "The gap between India and China has gone from 14 years to seven [since 1979] because of moving from a Canada-like system to a U.S. like system," said Mr. Sen, adding that he thought this change by China was a mistake.
But, alas, there was someone in the audience who actually had lived through the Cultural Revolution in China, and had been one of Mao's "barefoot doctors." He didn't see things quite the same way as Mr. Sen. In fact, he said the comments had quite surprised him.

"I observed with my own eyes the total absence of medicine in some parts of China. The system was totally unsustainable. We used to admire India," said Weijian Shan, now a banker in Hong Kong. Mr. Shan then added an anecdote that tickled the audience, telling how when he first visited Taiwan in the 1980s and saw young medical school graduates serving in the countryside, he thought to himself, "China ought to copy Taiwan."

Mr. Shan added, about Mao's medicine, "If they had made the system optional, nobody would have opted for it."

Mr. Sen might have thought he was going to have an easy audience. He was, after all, introduced by a local American resident--a member of Democrats Abroad--who praised his work as something President Bush should read, so he would learn that supporting freedom required more than just sending in the Marines.

And indeed, after Mr. Sen's observations--NATO is partly responsible for Third World debt and for turning back Africa's democratic evolution; more people died of AIDS on Sept. 11, 2001, than in the terrorist attack; Social Security, the U.S. pension system, is not at a crisis point--it seemed that it was going to be a one-sided afternoon.

Except for the man in the audience who actually had lived through that glorious Maoist era, and who provided the Annie Hall moment.

(二) 極具爭議性的1974年諾貝爾物理學獎

有關Jocelyn Bell及Antony Hewish誰是脈衝星發現者在網上不難找到,只要在Google輸入兩人名字(又或加上Sir Fred Hoyle或Pulsars等)便有大量相關資料,而Joseph H. Taylor所著的Pulsars可於香港大學圖書館找到。


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